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نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار پژوهش مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی بوشهر، سازمان تحفیفات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی

2 دانشیار گروه گیاه‏پزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج

3 دانشیار گروه گیاه‏پزشکی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

چکیده

زنبور Anastatus acherontiae در استان بوشهر پارازیتوئید تخم شب‎پره برگ‎خوار دو نواری (Streblote siva) و تخم پروانه کله مرده (Acherontia atropos) است. پارامترهای جدول زندگی سنی-مرحله‏ای دو جنسی این زنبور روی تخم شب‎پره برگ‎خوار دو نواری در شرایط آزمایشگاهی (یک دوره نور-‎دما، در 16 ساعت روشنایی با دمای 26 درجه سلسیوس و 8 ساعت تاریکی در دمای 18 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5±65 درصد) با استفاده از نرم‌افزار TWOSEX-MSChart (2016) محاسبه شد. برای تخمین میانگین و خطای استاندارد آماره‌های جدول زندگی، از روش بوت-استرپ جفت شده با تعداد 000/200 استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که زنبور A. acherontiae روی تخم میزبان مراحل رشد و نمو خود را کامل می‌کند. نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (r)، نرخ متناهی افزایش جمعیت (λ)، میانگین زمان یک نسل (T) و نرخ خالص تولیدمثل (R0) زنبور A. acherontiae روی تخم میزبان به ترتیب 059/0 بر روز، 06/1 بر روز، 48/65 روز و 72/47 نتاج به دست آمد. نتایج حاضر گامی برای استفاده از این زنبور در تولید و رها‎سازی اشباعی علیه برخی از آفات مهم است.

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