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بررسی پویایی جمعیت Orius laevigatus روی لوبیاسبز و گل جعفری به عنوان گیاهان حامل در کاشت توت‌فرنگی گلخانه‌ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه ولی عصر رفسنجان، دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه گیاهپزشکی

2 گروه گیاهپزشکی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه ولی عصر (عج) رفسنجان

3 دانشیار موسسه تحقیقات گیاه‌پزشکی کشور، تهران، ایران

4 دانشیار موسسه تحقیقات گیاهپزشکی ایران، تهران.

چکیده

تریپس غربی گل، Frankliniella occidentalis یکی از آفات توت‌فرنگی است که سلامت مصرف‌کنندگان توت‌فرنگی به‌دلیل استفاده گسترده آفت‌کش‌ها علیه این آفت تهدید می‌شود. در این پژوهش، هدف ارزیابی گیاه حامل مناسب (گیاه لوبیاسبز یا گل جعفری) به‌عنوان بستری برای تخمریزی و رشد جمعیت پایدار O. laevigatus و درنتیجه کنترل تریپس غربی گل در توت‌فرنگی گلخانه‌ای بود. تعداد تخم گذاشته شده توسط O. laevigatus روی گیاه گل جعفری در مقایسه با گیاهان توت‌فرنگی و لوبیاسبز در هر دو آزمون انتخابی و غیر انتخابی بیشتر بود. تعداد تخم گذاشته شده روی گیاه گل جعفری به ترتیب در آزمون انتخابی 16/1 ± 60/19 و در آزمون غیر انتخابی 92/2 ± 20/42 عدد تخم بود. در بررسی کاشت گلدانی، تراکم جمعیت حشرات نابالغ و بالغ تریپس و سن شکارگر در سراسر فصل رشد گیاهان لوبیاسبز، گل جعفری و توت‌فرنگی اندازه‌گیری شد. نتایج نشان داد تراکم تریپس‌ روی گیاه لوبیاسبز که در آن تراکم سن‌ شکارگر نسبت به گیاه گل جعفری بالاتر بود به‌طور معنی‌داری کاهش یافت. نتایج نشان داد گیاه لوبیاسبز از پتانسیل بالاتری نسبت به گیاه گل جعفری به‌عنوان گیاه حامل برای حمایت از جمعیت سن شکارگر روی گیاه توت‌فرنگی به‌منظور کاهش جمعیت تریپس غربی گل برخوردار است.

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