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اثرات غلظت های زیرکشندگی قارچ بیمارگر حشرات Metarhizium anisopliae روی فراسنجه های تولیدمثلی Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 ارومیه،دانشگاه ارومیه،دانشکده کشاورزی، گروه گیاهپزشکی

2 عضو هیئت علمی- دانشگاه ارومیه

3 دانشگاه تبریز

چکیده

در این مطالعه اثرات زیرکشندگی قارچ (Metschn.) Sorokin Metarhizium anisopliae، جدایه DEMI001، روی فراسنجه‌های تولیدمثلی نتاج(Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) Tuta absoluta ، در شرایط آزمایشگاهی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. لارو سن سوم مینوز گوجه‌فرنگی با غلظت‌های (103×29/1) LC10 ، ( 103×39/6) LC20 و (104×03/2) LC30 قارچ M. anisopliae، به روش غوطه وری زیست‌سنجی شد. طول دوره‌های تخمریزی و میزان زادآوری در والدین و نتاج، روزانه تا زمان مرگ ثبت شد. نتایج نشان داد با افزایش غلظت قارچ طول عمر حشرات کامل (نر و ماده) و طول دوره‌های تخمریزی در تمام تیمارها نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. کمترین مقدار نرخ خالص زادآوری (19/0±75/31 تخم) و نرخ خالص باروری (16/03±0/26 تخم) در غلظت LC30 به دست آمد. میانگین سنی تفریخ در شاهد و غلظت‌های LC10، LC20 و LC30 به ترتیب 27، 54/23، 50/21 و 23روز بود. نتایج این تحقیق نشان داد تیمار لاروهای مینوز گوجه‌فرنگی با غلظت‌های زیرکشنده‌ی قارچ M. anisopliae فراسنجه‌های تولیدمثلی آفت را در نتاج تحت تاثیر قرار می‌دهد و می‌توان از آن در قالب مدیریت تلفیقی علیه T. absoluta استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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