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واکنش تابعی کنه شکارگر Amblyseius swirskii (Acari: Phytoseiidae) نسبت به تراکم‌های مختلف تریپس غربیگل Frankliniella occidentalis (Thsanoptera: Thripidae) سالم و تیمار شده با قارچ Beauveria bassiana

نوع مقاله: مقاله کامل

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 گروه گیاهپزشکی - دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشگاه ورمونت آمریکا

چکیده

تریپس‌ها از آفات مهم محصولات گلخانه‌ای هستند که علاوه بر خسارت مستقیم موجب انتقال بیماری‌های ویروسی نیز می‌شوند. واکنش تابعی عامل مهمی در انتخاب دشمنان طبیعی برای کنترل بیولوژیک آفات محسوب می‌شود. کنه شکارگر Amblyseius swirskii و قارچ‌ بیمارگر حشرات Beauveria bassiana از مهمترین دشمنان طبیعی تریپس غربی گل هستند. واکنش تابعی کنه شکارگر روی لارو تریپس‌های تیمار نشده و تیمار شده با جدایه JEF-007 قارچ در سه فاصله زمانی 0، 24 و 36 ساعت مطالعه گردید. در این پژوهش، واکنش تابعی کنه شکارگر روی تریپس غربی گل در شرایط آزمایشگاهی (Cº 1±25، رطوبت 10±70% و دوره‌ی نوری 16 ساعت روشنایی و 8 ساعت تاریکی) مورد بررسی و مقایسه قرار گرفت. آزمایش درون ظرف پتری به مدت 24 ساعت انجام شد. هر یک از تراکم‌های (2، 4، 6، 8، 10، 12، 16 و 20) تریپس در 10 تکرار، در اختیار یک کنه ماده بالغ حداکثر با عمر 24 ساعت قرار داده شد و پس از گذشت 24 ساعت تعداد حشرات کشته شده توسط کنه شمارش شد. واکنش تابعی با استفاده از مدل راجرز، برای همه تیمارها از نوع II تعیین شد. مقایسه‌ی نتایج حاصل از پارامترهای واکنش تابعی در تیمارهای مختلف نشان داد که زمان دستیابی کنه‌ی شکارگر روی لاروهای تریپس غربی گل که در بازه‌ی زمانی 24 ساعت پس از آلودگی در معرض کنه‌ی شکارگر قرار گرفته بودند با شاهد اختلاف معنی‌دار داشت اما این اختلاف بین تیمارهای شاهد و بازه‌ی زمانی صفر ساعت و 36 ساعت پس از پاشش قارچ مشاهده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


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